• Users Online: 324
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-20

Association of Augmented Immune-Staining of G-Quadruplex Tertiary DNA Structure in Chemo-Tolerant TNBC with Downregulation of WNT/Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Pathway receptor Genes: A Pilot Clinicopathological Study

1 Department of Oncogene Regulation, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Pathology, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Surgical Oncology, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chinmay Kumar Panda
Department of Oncogene Regulation, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrcr.jrcr_23_22

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: The aim of the study is to understand the involvement of G-Quadruplex (G-Q) structures in altering the expression profile of WNT/epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway receptor genes in chemo-tolerant Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) samples. Materials and Methods: At first, Gene Expression Omnibus datasets were mined where the expression profile of WNT/EGFR pathway genes in TNBC samples and MDA-MB-231, a TNBC cell line, were checked in response to doxorubicin, a chemotherapeutic drug. Next, to unveil the probable mechanism of regulation, the presence of G-Q structure was checked in in silico study and later validated by immunohistochemical analyses in our pool of sample. These observed results were correlated with patient's demography and survival status. Results: Expression of the receptors (FZD7, LRP6, EGFR) of the WNT/EGFR pathway were found to be differentially expressed in TNBC samples; further emphasized in our samples (n = 61). Notably, these G-Q structures were found in the promoter region of the WNT pathway receptor genes (FZD7, LRP6, and EGFR). Validating in our patient sample pool, a significant increase in G-Q immunostaining was observed in samples, after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) samples (n = 17) than the pretherapeutic samples (n = 44). Similar pattern of G-Q immunostaining was noticed in doxorubicin-treated MDA-MB-231 cell line. Intriguingly, low staining of G-Q among the pretherapeutic samples, but NACT TNBC samples, was found to be significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis. Conclusions: This study showed that the augmented immunostaining of G-Q structure might have an important involvement in regulating the expression pattern of the WNT/EGFR pathway genes in response to doxorubicin treatment of TNBC.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded87    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal