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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 96-103

The effect of breast phantom, and geometry on dose distribution in breast brachytherapy using the strut-adjusted volume implant and contura applicators


1 Department of Nuclear Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Nuclear Engineering; Radiation Research Center, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sedigheh Sina
Department of Nuclear Engineering; Radiation Research Center, Shiraz University, Shiraz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jrcr.jrcr_16_19

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Context: Accelerated partial breast irradiation using brachytherapy is a postlumpectomy treatment to reduce cancer recurrence and a choice for people in the early-stage breast cancer. Although accurate dosimetry is necessary to obtain successful clinical outcomes, the usual commercial treatment planning systems use a simple water phantom to simulate the patient. Hence, the precise attenuated radiation and also the scattering effects occurred in real situations may be dosimetrically ignored. Aims: The purpose of this study is to use Monte Carlo simulation to obtain the effect of phantom material and geometry corrections on dose distribution of the strut-adjusted volume implant (SAVI) and Contura high-dose-rate brachytherapy applicators of breast cancer. Settings and Design: Contura with four lumens surrounding the central one and also SAVI with eight peripheral source channels are separately simulated into the breast phantoms. 192Ir high dose rate sources are located on dwell positions in each applicator. Subjects and Methods: The applicators were simulated inside three different phantom geometry and materials. The dose distribution and dose-volume histograms for each phantom were obtained for typical treatment. Gamma index evaluation is performed to examine the dose distribution according to the water phantom for each trial. Results: According to the results for SAVI and Contura applicators, breast material correction shows about 1% deviations from the calculations for water in most points of the breast. Maximum differences are not >3% that are found near the skin. Conclusion: Deviations from the water phantom in both SAVI and Contura treatments show good conformity especially in Contura and it seems that no serious dosimetric correction is necessary for simple water phantom. Although the results for SAVI were not observed with great deviations from water, areas with high-gradient dose need to be precisely considered.


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